Basilica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família - Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family
??? 1909 ??? --> laying of the foundation stone: March 19th, 1882
Building completion (planned): 2026 - the centenary of Antoni Gaudí's death.
No matter if you believe in God or not, irrespectively of what religion you belong to, it's really difficult to remain unimpressed by the basilica La Sagrada Familia, a church like no other on this planet.
Gaudi's original design calls for a total of eighteen spires, representing in ascending order of height the Twelve Apostles, the four Evangelists, the Virgin Mary and, tallest of all (approx. 170 m), Jesus Christ. Eight spires have been built as of 2010, corresponding to four apostles at the Nativity façade and four apostles at the Passion façade.
The Evangelists' spires will be surmounted by sculptures of their traditional symbols: a bull (st Luke), a winged man (St Matthew), an eagle (St John), and a lion (St Mark). The central spire of Jesus Christ is to be surmounted by a giant cross; the spire's total height (170 metres (560 ft)) will be one metre less than that of Montjuïc hill in Barcelona. The lower spires are surmounted by communion hosts with sheaves of wheat and chalices with bunches of grapes, representing the Eucharist.
The completion of the spires will make Sagrada Família the tallest church building in the world as well as the church with the tallest spire in the world.
Nativity FaçadeConstructed between 1894 and 1930, the Nativity façade was the first façade to be completed. Dedicated to the birth of Jesus, it is decorated with scenes reminiscent of elements of life. Characteristic of Gaudí's naturalistic style, the sculptures are ornately arranged and decorated with scenes and images from nature, each a symbol in their own manner.
A photo out of the year 1928.
Nativity FaçadeIn contrast to the highly decorated Nativity Façade, the Passion Façade is austere, plain and simple, with ample bare stone, and is carved with harsh straight lines to resemble a skeleton if it were reduced to only bone. Dedicated to the Passion of Christ, the suffering of Jesus during his crucifixion, the façade was intended to portray the sins of man. Construction began in 1954, following the drawings and instructions left by Gaudí for future architects and sculptors. The towers were completed in 1976, and in 1987 a team of sculptors, headed by Josep Maria Subirachs, began work sculpting the various scenes and details of the façade.
interior impressions - enjoy.
The current eight spires as of June 2011, corresponding to four apostles at the Nativity façade and four apostles at the Passion façade.